Menu Icon Menu Print Icon Print Email Icon Email Reading List Icon Reading List Product Icon Product Fire Icon Fire Grill guide Icon Grill guide Beef Icon Beef Poultry Icon Poultry Chicken Icon Chicken Pork Icon Pork All Icon All All Icon Spanish All Country Icon Country Seafood Icon Seafood Fruit and Veggies Icon Fruit and Veggies Vegetables Icon Vegetables Hamburger Icon Hamburger Spatula Icon Spatula Thermometer High Icon Thermometer High Thermometer Medium Icon Thermometer Medium Thermometer Low Icon Thermometer Low Tree Icon Tree Nose Icon Nose Picnic Table Icon Picnic Table Smoke Icon Smoke Table Clock Icon Clock Clock 10 Icon Clock 10 Clock 15 Icon Clock 15 Match Icon Match Grill Icon Grill Clean Grill Icon Clean Grill Arm Icon Arm Oven Icon Oven Charcoal Icon Charcoal Charcoalpile Icon Charcoalpile Charcoalpile 2 Icon Charcoalpile 2 Search Icon Search Right Arrow Icon Right Arrow Left Arrow Icon Left Arrow Down Arrow Icon Down Arrow Facebook Icon Facebook Twitter Icon Twitter Instagram Icon Instagram Pinterest Icon Pinterest Google Plus Icon Google Plus Youtube Icon Youtube Cloudy Weather Icon Cloudy Weather Sunny Weather Icon Sunny Weather Snow Weather Icon Snow Weather Rain Weather Icon Rain Weather Partly Cloudy Weather Icon Partly Cloudy Weather Charcoal on fire icon Charcoal on fire
Grilling.com has moved to Kingsford Country. The all-new Kingsford.com features how-tos, recipes, product info and news about the latest in BBQ. Slow down and grill with Kingsford. OK, got it
Skip to content

How to: arrange your coals with the Coal Configurator

Discover the optimal ways to grill and smoke using Kingsford® Charcoal.

Think of this as your charcoal reference manual — how much to use, heat ranges, and a simple visual guide to popular charcoal arrangements.

How much charcoal should I use?

kfd-coalconfigurator-MatchLight1_0507

The answer to this lies in what you are cooking, how much you are cooking and how hot you want the grill.

If you need high heat, you’ll want a full chimney. If you want lower heat, then there’s no need to fill the chimney all the way and wait for the heat of all those coals to dissipate. Below are some guidelines. These numbers are based on the capacity of a standard charcoal chimney, available at most hardware stores, which holds about 100 briquets.

  • High heat450°F to 550°F1 full chimney
  • Medium heat350°F to 450°F½ to ¾ full chimney
  • Low heat250°F to 350°F¼ full chimney
Keep in mind, maximum temperature and the length of the cook depend on how you spread out the coals. If you spread the lit coals in a thin layer across a larger area, temperatures will be lower and the heat will dissipate faster. If your layer is deeper and the coals are more concentrated, temperatures will be higher and stay hot longer.

Exactly how hot are the coals?

kfd-coalconfigurator-Coal_Configurator_1_0135 The most accurate way to gauge temperature is with a thermometer. However, if your cooker does not have one built in, you can use the hand test. Simply hold the palm of your hand about 5 to 6 inches above the grill grate. Leave it there until you have to pull it away. The number of seconds you can keep your hand there gives you an indication of how hot the coals are at the grate.
  • High heat450°F to 550°F2 to 4 seconds
  • Medium heat350°F to 450°F5 to 6 seconds
  • Low heat250°F to 350°F8 to 10 seconds

What is the best way to arrange the coals for cooking?

The answer depends on what you’re cooking. See below for basic and more advanced configurations.
kfd-coalconfigurator-DirectHeat_0032

Direct-heat grilling

Coals are spread out in a single layer across the bottom cooking grate. Ideal for high-heat cooking and thin cuts of meat. Unless you absolutely need the entire grill space, it’s still best to leave a void zone. Read more about direct-heat grilling
  • High-heat 450°F to 550°F
  • Coals needed: 1 whole chimney, about 100 briquets
kfd-coalconfigurator-2Stage_0394

The two-zone fire

Your go-to configuration for almost everything. Coals spread out over half the grill, leaving the other half empty. Gives you all the advantages of direct heat for searing and the flexibility of indirect heat for cooking slowly or managing flare-ups. Ideal for steaks, chops, bone-in and boneless chicken cuts, and seafood. Read more about the two-zone fire.
  • High-heat 450°F to 550°F
  • Medium-heat 350°F to 450°F
  • Coals needed: ½ to 1 whole chimney, about 50–100 briquets
kfd-coalconfigurator-Parallel_0377

Two-zone fire: parallel configuration

Coals spread along either side of the grill, with an empty space down the center. Ideal for smoking and low-temperature cooking of larger roasts, whole chickens and turkeys. Read more about the parallel configuration.
  • Low-heat 250°F to 350°F
  • Coals needed: 1 whole chimney to start, about 100 briquets. Additional coals later.
kfd-coalconfigurator-Snake_0435

The charcoal snake

Unlit coals and smoke wood are arranged in a circle around the inside edge of your grill. A few lit coals are added to one end of the snake, which burns slowly over several hours. Read more about the charcoal snake.
  • Low-heat smoking 225°F to 250°F
  • Coals needed: 100 unlit coals, six to eight lit coals to start the snake. Additional coals later.
kfd-coalconfigurator-Smoking_7_0140

Smoking

Smoking is a low and slow cooking method where meats are cooked over indirect heat at low temperatures for hours at a time. Hardwood chunks or chips of wood soaked in water are added to lend smoke aromas and flavors to the meats. There are several different types of smokers available, but all use indirect heat. Read more about smoking techniques.
  • Low-heat smoking 225°F to 250°F
  • Coals needed: Fill your charcoal bed with unlit coals, and add only a few lit coals to start the process.

Size matters. Small, portable or hibachi-style grills need much less charcoal to obtain high temperatures.

Big birds like turkeys and large roasts cook best using an indirect cooking method like the parallel configuration or the charcoal snake.

You look like someone who loves to grill

Sign up for our mailing list and we’ll send you “show-stopper” grilling ideas and recipes to make your cookouts the talk of the town.

We’ll also share exclusive offers and other great info from Kingsford Charcoal.

Sign up now
Top